Header Ads Widget

The Basic Education Certificate Examination; an overview!

The Basic Education Certificate Examination; an overview!
The Basic Education Certificate Examination; an overview!

The Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) serves as the primary examination for determining students' eligibility for admission into secondary and vocational schools in both Ghana and Nigeria. This document has been composed following the completion of a three-year junior secondary education programme. 

The administration of this programme is overseen by the Ghana Education Service, which operates under the purview of the Ministry of Education. In Nigeria, the administration of education is overseen by the state ministry of education in each state, with the National Examinations Council (NECO) providing supervision.

The National Examinations Council (NECO) is responsible for the administration of examinations in Unity Schools, Armed Forces Secondary Schools, and other Federal Government schools. Candidates who have been approved by the Ghana Education Service and are currently in their third year of junior high school are eligible to take the examination. The event takes place on an annual basis in June in Ghana and in May/June in Nigeria.

Tested subjects (Ghana) of the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE)

  • English Language
  • Mathematics
  • Integrated Science
  • Social Studies
  • Religious and Moral Education
  • French


  • Ghanaian language (any Ghanaian language offered at candidate's school)
  • Basic Design and Technology (Visual arts, Home Economics, Pre-Technical Skills)
  • Information Communication and Technology
  • English language

Tested subjects (Nigeria) of the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE)

  • English Language
  • Mathematics
  • National Values Education (Including Civic Education, Social Studies and Christian/Islamic Religious Studies)
  • Basic Science and Technology
  • Cultural and Creative Arts
  • Pre-vocational Studies
  • Foreign Language (French or Arabic)
  • Nigerian Language (Edo, Efik, Hausa, Igbo or Yoruba)
  • Business Studies
  • History (starting 2021)


Schools that have received approval from the Ghana Education Service or the National Examinations Council (NECO) are eligible to facilitate student registration for the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) on an annual basis. The entry period spans six weeks, commencing in October and concluding in November. The schools that are participating in the programme are required to upload their Statement of Entries and School Choice Files through the online platform for further processing. The Continuous Assessment Scores are submitted to the council in the form of compact discs.

Candidate grading and selection

The examination comprises a combination of multiple-choice and written questions, along with Continuous (Internal) Assessment marks assigned by the schools. In Ghana, candidates are assessed using a nine-point grading scale, where Grade 1 represents the highest level of performance and Grade 9 indicates the lowest level of performance. Since 2017, candidates in Nigeria have been evaluated using a non-linear 5-point scale.

  • A(Distinction) The highest grade
  • B (Upper Credit)
  • C (Lower Credit)
  • P (Pass)
  • F (Fail) The lowest grade.

Before 2017, it was graded on a non-linear 4-point scale:

  • A(Distinction) The highest grade
  • C(Credit)
  • P(Pass)
  • F(Fail) The lowest grade

The Ghana Education Service employs its computerised School Selection and Placement System to allocate eligible candidates who have successfully completed the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) to senior high schools, technical institutes, and vocational institutions. In Nigeria, the allocation of students to specific study tracks such as Science, Arts, Commercial, or vocational is determined by individual schools, taking into consideration the students' BECE results.

Review of scripts

The scripts, which refer to graded tests, are retained for a duration of three months before being disposed of. During this period, individuals may undergo an examination, subject to a fee, upon the approval of the school's principal or an accredited representative.


Certificates for successful candidates will be generated within one month following the release of results. These certificates will be sent to schools for the purpose of collection by individual candidates. We regret to inform you that certificates that have been lost or damaged after collection cannot be replaced.

Recommended: How to check B.E.C.E results on phone.

Also Read: Why do guys stare at me, but never smile? 5 possible reasons!

Source: HR Forum News

Post a Comment